Victoria and Albert whatsapp database Museum, London. 【Figure 4】John Constable, Hove Beach, with Fishing Boats, c. 1824. Oil on paper laid on canvas, 29.8 x 49.2 cm. What about Turner? Clarke, like Gombrich, sees it as the antithesis of Constable, and the free play of color and light in his paintings shows strong emotion. Much of the sixth chapter, "The Light of the North," is devoted to Turner, but Clark also makes it clear that Turner was heavily criticized while he was alive, and even offended the tastes of many important people. He said: Turner's late works did not make an immediate contribution to the development of art. No one knew of his sketches until several appeared in the 1906 exhibition.